Ultragenyx Announces Positive Longer-term Results from First Three Cohorts of Phase 1/2 Study of DTX301 Gene Therapy in Ornithine Transcarbamylase (OTC) Deficiency
All three patients in Cohort 3 now confirmed responders
All three complete responders in the study remain clinically and metabolically stable after longer-term follow-up
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“We are seeing durable and clinically meaningful responses to DTX301. We are extremely encouraged that the patients who have stopped alternate pathway medications and liberalized dietary restrictions continue to do very well over these longer periods of time,” said Eric Crombez, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of the Ultragenyx Gene Therapy development unit. “The recent data also reinforces the higher response rate seen with the Cohort 3 dose of 1x10^13 GC/kg. All three patients in Cohort 3 have responded to DTX301 and the treating physician of one of these patients reported that this is the best she has been health wise. This dose has been selected for the Phase 3 study, which is currently expected to initiate in the first half of 2021.”
Cohort 3 Updated Data: All three patients at 1x1013 GC/kg dose now confirmed responders
Patient 9 (newly confirmed responder, male):
Patient 9 showed a 188 percent increase in rate of ureagenesis, from 25 percent of normal at baseline to 73 percent of normal at Week 24. He now has shown two significantly increased ureagenesis measures and is confirmed as a responder. His ammonia levels have remained in the normal range since treatment. He has not yet discontinued alternate pathway medications or liberalized his diet.
Patient 8 (previously disclosed responder, female):
As previously disclosed, Patient 8 has experienced a significant and sustained reduction in her elevated baseline ammonia levels. This patient has now increased protein intake and has discontinued one of her two ammonia scavenger medications. She continues to do well clinically and the plan is to begin to taper her second alternate pathway medication once she is able to return to clinic post COVID-19 restrictions.
Patient 7 (previously disclosed complete responder, female):
As previously disclosed, Patient 7 demonstrated a meaningful change in rate of ureagenesis and has maintained normal ammonia levels since treatment. She continues to be clinically and metabolically stable after liberalizing diet and discontinuing ammonia scavenger medications.
Cohorts 1 and 2 Long-term Data Show Sustained Efficacy
The two complete responders in Cohorts 1 and 2 (Patients 1 and 4) have shown ongoing durable responses for 2 years and 1.5 years, respectively. Their ureagenesis rates remain above 100% of normal. Both patients have discontinued alternate pathway medications and liberalized restricted protein diets for more than one year, and remain stable with ammonia levels maintained in the normal range. They remain in excellent clinical condition with no significant adverse events, hospitalizations, or other events related to OTC deficiency. The third responder from the earlier cohorts (Patient 6) continues to do well, and is currently tapering her medications and liberalizing her diet. Her increase in ureagenesis and normalization of ammonia have been maintained.
As of the data cutoff date, there have been no infusion-related adverse events and no treatment-related serious adverse events reported in the study. All adverse events have been Grade 1 or 2. As previously reported, six patients experienced mild, clinically asymptomatic elevations in ALT levels, similar to what has been observed in other programs using AAV-based gene therapy. All six of these patients have responded to reactive tapering courses of steroids, and all patients remain clinically stable.
Prophylactic Steroid Cohort Planned
A fourth cohort of three patients at the Cohort 3 dose (1.0 × 10^13 GC/kg) is planned, using prophylactic steroids. Dosing in this cohort is currently on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but data are still expected in the second half of 2020, barring further delays related to clinical site closures due to COVID-19.
Phase 3 Study Planning Underway
Ultragenyx is currently planning the Phase 3 study of DTX301 in parallel to conducting the prophylactic steroid cohort. The Company intends to hold an end of Phase 2 meeting with the
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About the OTC Phase 1/2 Study (DTX301)
The Phase 1/2 dose-escalation study evaluates the change in the rate of ureagenesis, ammonia levels, neurocognitive assessment, biomarkers, and safety of DTX301 in adult patients with OTC deficiency. Three patients have been dosed in each of three dose cohorts of 2.0 × 10^12 GC/kg (Cohort 1), 6.0 × 10^12 GC/kg (Cohort 2), and 1.0 × 10^13 GC/kg (Cohort 3). Patients in the first three cohorts received steroids to reactively manage ALT elevations. In the fourth cohort, three patients will receive a 1.0 × 10^13 GC/kg dose and will all receive a prophylactic tapering course of steroids.
About OTC Deficiency
OTC deficiency, the most common urea cycle disorder, is caused by a genetic defect in a liver enzyme responsible for detoxification of ammonia. Individuals with OTC deficiency can build up excessive levels of ammonia in their blood, potentially resulting in acute and chronic neurological deficits and other toxicities. It is estimated that more than 10,000 people are affected by OTC deficiency worldwide, of whom approximately 80 percent are classified as late-onset and represent a clinical spectrum of disease severity. In the late-onset form of the disease, elevated ammonia can lead to significant medical issues for patients. Neonatal onset disease occurs only in males, presents as severe disease, and can be fatal at an early age. Approved therapies, which must be taken multiple times a day for the patient's entire life, do not eliminate the risk of future metabolic crises. Currently, the only curative approach is liver transplantation.
DTX301 is an investigational AAV type 8 gene therapy designed to deliver stable expression and activity of OTC following a single intravenous infusion. It has been shown in preclinical studies to normalize levels of urinary orotic acid, a marker of ammonia metabolism. DTX301 was granted Orphan Drug Designation in both
Ultragenyx is a biopharmaceutical company committed to bringing to patients novel products for the treatment of serious rare and ultra-rare genetic diseases. The company has built a diverse portfolio of approved therapies and product candidates aimed at addressing diseases with high unmet medical need and clear biology for treatment, for which there are typically no approved therapies treating the underlying disease.
The company is led by a management team experienced in the development and commercialization of rare disease therapeutics. Ultragenyx’s strategy is predicated upon time- and cost-efficient drug development, with the goal of delivering safe and effective therapies to patients with the utmost urgency.
For more information on Ultragenyx, please visit the company’s website at www.ultragenyx.com.
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